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P152 Prediction of Death or Heart Failure-related Hospitalizations by Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and CAVI0



Arterial stiffness as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been shown to predict cardiovascular events [1]. However, PWV is blood pressure (BP) dependent [2,3] leading to the development of cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a more blood pressure-independent index [4] that also shows predictive ability in Asian populations [5]. Recently, CAVI was further refined into CAVI0 [6], removing residual acute blood pressure dependence [7]. The present study aims to assess risk prediction by CAVI and CAVI0 in a US population.


We enrolled 156 subjects (94.8% male; 47.7% African-American) with and without heart failure. Subjects underwent arterial stiffness assessments (VaSera 1500 N, Fukuda Denshi Co., Tokyo, Japan). Left (L-CAVI) and right (R-CAVI) measurements were obtained from the device, CAVI0’s were converted from CAVI’s taking into account CAVI’s scale coefficients [8,9]. We prospectively followed participants for a mean of 2.56 years for the composite endpoint of death or heart failure related hospital admission.


L-CAVI and R-CAVI did not differ significantly (9.80 ± 2.11 vs 9.66 ± 1.92, p = 0.146); neither did L-CAVI0 and R-CAVI0 (16.51 ± 5.85 vs 16.15 ± 5.34, p = 0.178). In unadjusted Cox regression, R-CAVI, L-CAVI, and R-CAVI0 but not L-CAVI0 predicted outcome (Table 1). After adjustment for age, sex, race, and systolic BP, only right-sided CAVIs and CAVI0s were predictive.


We observed possible body-side differences in prediction using CAVI and CAVI0. A previous study cross-sectionally reported more pronounced body side differences in heart-to-ankle PWV related to cardiovascular disease [10]; we are unaware of published prospective studies observing this. In conclusion, both R-CAVI and R-CAVI0 predicted heart-failure related end-points.

Table Cox regression results


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Spronck, B., Lee, J., Oldland, G. et al. P152 Prediction of Death or Heart Failure-related Hospitalizations by Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and CAVI0. Artery Res 25 (Suppl 1), S189–S190 (2019).

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