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Table 5 Association between frailty and vascular functions

From: Vascular Function and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Individuals

Variable Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Arterial stiffness (cm/s) Unadjusted Model 1a
 Non-frail 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Pre-frail 2.92 (1.01–8.42) 3.11 (1.04–9.29)
 Frail 3.56 (0.85–14.91) 3.79 (0.85–16.82)
Endothelial dysfunction (%) Unadjusted Model 1a
 Non-frail 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
 Pre-frail 2.17 (0.41–3.09) 2.13 (0.76–8.95)
 Frail 2.27 (0.31–6.97) 2.27 (0.31–6.97)
  1. aModel 1: adjusted for body mass index, lean mass, %bodyfat, waist-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, glucose, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia