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P2.9 Assessment of Central Aortic Pressure and its Association to All Cause Mortality Critically Depends on Wave Form Calibration

Abstract

Background

The impact of different calibration methods on the prognostic power of aortic systolic pressure (aSBP) is only rarely reported in literature.

Objective

The aim of this work was therefore the prospective investigation of the association of brachial (bSBP) and aortic systolic blood pressures to all cause mortality with special emphasis on different calibration methods for central pressure estimates, in particular brachial systolic and diastolic as well as brachial mean and diastolic pressures.

Methods

135 Patients were enrolled in a longitudinal, prospective study of arterial stiffness and cardiovascular risk in a cohort suffering from chronic kidney disease stages 2 to 4. Office measurements of bSBP and aSBP were assessed by a validated oscillometric device. Prognostic factors of survival were identified by use of Cox proportional hazards regression models.

Results

After a mean follow up duration of 42 months (range: 30 to 50 months) 13 patients died. In univariate Cox analysis, bSBP did not significantly predict mortality, only aSBP assessed using measured mean and diastolic pressure calibration was significantly associated with mortality (HR=1.027, p=0.008). This remained significant in multivariate analysis after adjustment for age, sex and anthropometric measures. More important, adding bSBP to the multivariate model (HR=0.91, p=0.003), lead to a significantly increased prognostic and statistical power of aortic systolic pressure (HR=1.097, p<0.001) and indicated that differences between bSBP and aSBP are of potential interest.

Conclusion

Within our cohort, only aSBP assessed with measured mean and diastolic pressure predicted mortality and provided highly significant prognostic value.

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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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Wassertheuer, S., Baumann, M. P2.9 Assessment of Central Aortic Pressure and its Association to All Cause Mortality Critically Depends on Wave Form Calibration. Artery Res 8, 134–135 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.105

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.105