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2.4 Relationship Between Adult Transfer Function Derived Central Aortic Systolic Pressure and Measured Systolic Pressure in the Healthy Children Population

Abstract

Background

A non-invasive method, that used a general transfer function (TF), has been shown to accurately predict central aortic pressure from peripheral tonometry measurements in the adult population. However applying the same TF to estimate central aortic systolic pressure (aSP) in children has not yet been fully evaluated. This study aimed to assess the usage of adult TF to estimate aSP in children (aSPest_ch) by establishing and testing different linear single/multivariate regression models between the adult TF estimated aSP (aSPTF_ad) and the measured aSP (aSPmeas_ch).

Methods

218 healthy, pre-pubescent children aged 8 years (113 male) had tonometer measured radial and carotid arterial pressure waveform recorded using the SphygmoCor device. Central aSPTF_ad was estimated from the radial pressure using the TF (SphygmoCor, AtCor Medical), and the carotid systolic pressure taken as a surrogate for central pressure (aSPmeas_ch). The study group was divided into two groups: one to estimate the models (n = 50, 19 male); another to test the models (n = 168, 94 male). Models 1 and 2 were two simple linear regression models, whilst models 3 and 4 were two multivariate regression models.

Results

In the tested group, the aSPest_ch from all models showed high correlations and low average differences with aSPmeas_ch (model 1 R2 = 0.88, difference = 1.6+2.6 mmHg; model 2 R2 = 0.88 difference = 1.8+3.4 mmHg; model 3 R2 = 0.89 difference = -0.7+2.5 mmHg; model 4 R2 = 0.89 difference = -1.2+2.7 mmHg, all p<0.0001).

Conclusion

Central aSP in children can be estimated accurately using the adult TF from the radial pulse by incorporating the now defined linear relationship between aSPTF_ad and aSPmeas_ch.

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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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Cai, Y., Qasem, A., Skilton, M. et al. 2.4 Relationship Between Adult Transfer Function Derived Central Aortic Systolic Pressure and Measured Systolic Pressure in the Healthy Children Population. Artery Res 8, 124 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.060

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.060