Skip to main content
  • Oral Presentation Abstracts
  • Open access
  • Published:

2.3 Local Stiffness of the Carotid Artery is Associated with Incident Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortalitye—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Abstract

Introduction

It has been suggested that local carotid stiffness is independently associated with cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality. However, consistent evidence for such an association is lacking. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies on the association between local carotid stiffness, incident CV events and all-cause mortality.

Methods

Medline and Embase were searched for articles published up to June 1, 2014. All studies were included which evaluated the association between local carotid stiffness (as determined by ultrasonography) on the one hand and incident CV events and mortality on the other. We used random-effects models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) for pooled data.

Results

We included 10 studies with data for 19,919 participants and 177,136 person-years of follow-up. The pooled HRs (95%CIs) for one SD higher carotid elastic modulus were: for CV events (fatal and nonfatal combined) 1.19 (1.06–1.33; 10 studies, n = 19,496); for CV mortality 1.34 (1.15–1.55; 4 studies, n = 3,083) and for all-cause mortality 1.26 (1.14–1.40; 5 studies, n = 3,501). All results were adjusted for age, sex, blood pressure (SBP and/or MAP), and CV factors. Results were qualitatively similar when HRs were pooled for lower carotid distensibility and compliance instead of higher elastic modulus.

Conclusion

The present meta-analysis shows a strong association between local carotid stiffness and incident CV events, CV mortality and all-cause mortality. In a next step, we will do an individual participant meta-analysis to evaluate whether the association between local carotid stiffness and CV events and mortality is independent of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Van Sloten, T., Laurent, S., Engelen, L. et al. 2.3 Local Stiffness of the Carotid Artery is Associated with Incident Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortalitye—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Artery Res 8, 124 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.059

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.059