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PO-29 Creation of a Fixed Central Arterial-Venous Anastomosis on Arterial Stiffness and Central Haemodynamics: A Treatment for Hypertension Targeting the Physical Properties of the Arterial Vasculature

Abstract

Introduction

Current device based treatments for resistant hypertension target selective modification of the somatic, sympathetic, or parasympathetic nervous systems. The influence of the respective nervous systems on vascular stiffness and haemodynamics is unclear, and there is little data on the effect of current devices nor pharmaco therapy on arterial stiffness often associated with resistant hypertension.

A novel device technology (ROX Coupler, San Clemente, CA) has been developed that causes an immediate, significant and sustained reduction of blood pressure by exploiting the mechanical effects of creation of a low resistance, high compliance venous segment to the central arterial tree. The Coupler creates a 4 mm diameter AV anastomosis between the iliac artery and vein

To date no data exist on the effect of AV fistula placement on central haemodynamics and arterial stiffness. We present data on central pressure, and aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) from a 63yr old woman before and 4 months after AV fistula formation using the ROX Coupler device.

Methods

Peripheral blood pressure, central haemodynamics and carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV) were assessed (SphygmoCor AtCor Medical) before and 4 months after insertion of the ROX Coupler. Results are tabulated in (Table 1).

Results

Table 1

aPWV decreased by 1.5 m/s from 15.2 to 13.7 m/s and MAP decreased by 17mmHg. Given that a 10mmHg reduction in MAP would produce an approximate reduction in aPWV of 0.5 m/s it would appear that the reduction in aPWV was in part blood pressure independent.

Conclusions

Insertion of the ROX Coupler was shown to produce a large reduction in aPWV which may not all be blood pressure dependent. These findings suggest that a mechanical solution to reduced arterial compliance may result in safe and effective lowering blood pressure, and address a mechanism of persistent hypertension unapproached by current therapy. Haemodynamic measurements in larger numbers of patients undergoing ROX Coupler insertion will be necessary to confirm this physiology and better appreciate its potential role in the prevention and treatment of the cardiovascular complications of hypertension.

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Sobotka, P., Munnery, M., Davies, L. et al. PO-29 Creation of a Fixed Central Arterial-Venous Anastomosis on Arterial Stiffness and Central Haemodynamics: A Treatment for Hypertension Targeting the Physical Properties of the Arterial Vasculature. Artery Res 8, 176 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.035

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.09.035