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Table 3 Blood pressure and biomarkers among groups

From: Vascular Function and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Individuals

Variables Non-frail (n = 30) Pre-frail (n = 43) Frail (n = 19) F/H/x2 p value
Blood pressure      
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 120.4 (12.6) 140.3 (12.3) 142.1 (14.1) 26.171 0.001*
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 68.9 (8.1) 74.1 (8.6) 73.2 (11.6) 2.986 0.056
 Heart rate (bpm) 76.8 (12.7) 70.5 (10.3) 68.7 (7.1) 4.327 0.016*
Biomarkers      
 Glucose (mg/dL) 85.7 (17.2) 121.0 (35.3) 106.4 (21.4) 14.192 0.001*
 HbA1c (%) 5.9 (0.7) 6.4 (1.1) 6.2 (1.4) 2.541 0.084
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 167.8 (36.6) 174.5 (29.1) 167.1 (33.5) 0.524 0.594
 Triglycerides (mg/dL) 115.4 (45.9) 146.7 68.5) 129.1 (53.8) 2.521 0.086
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 60.0 (15.3) 60.0 (16.2) 63.6 (18.2) 0.370 0.692
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 83.8 (35.2) 88.2 (28.3) 78.0 (30.9) 0.722 0.489
  1. Data are given as mean (± SD)
  2. SD standard deviation, valid percentages (n %), BP blood pressure, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein
  3. *P < 0.05, P < 0.05 vs. Non-frail